There are thousands of Minerals on earth.
12 main groups of families, based on the chemicals they contain.
Most minerals are made from combinations of chemical elements, but a few elements, such as silver, gold, and sulphur, occur naturally by themselves. These are known as native elements.
This is a group of 200 rare minerals that form when sulphur combines with a metal ( silver, copper, lead, or iron) and a semi-metal (arsenic or antimony)
Oxides form when oxygen combines with metals. They include ores (minerals from which metals are extracted) and Gems.
These minerals form when a metallic element combines with hydrogen and oxygen. These minerals are less dense than oxides and tend to be softer. Hydroxides are also important ore minerals. They include bauxite, which is an ore of aluminium.
In these soft minerals, metals combine with chlorine, bromine, fluorine, or iodine. For example, sylvite is a combination of potassium and chlorine.
These form when carbon and oxygen combine with metals. Carbonates are soft and dissolve easily in acidic substances.
8. Phosphates,arsenates, and Vanadates.
These rare minerals are grouped together because they have a similar structure, made up of oxygen combined with phosphorus, arsenic, or vanadium. They often have vivid colours
9. Borates and Nitrates.
Borates from when a metallic element combines with boron and oxygen, When nitrogen and oxygen combine with a metallic element, nitrates are formed.
10.Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates, Tungstates.