Gemstone – Crystal A-L Name Of Gemstone Crystal. -With Images of gemstones. Rough/Faceted
Agate, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Azurite, Beryl, Bloodstone, Charoite, Chrysocolla, Citrine, Diamond, Emerald, Haematite, Iolite, Jade, Jasper, Malachite, Opal, Peridot, Rhodonite, Ruby, Sapphire, Sunstone, Tanzanite, Tiger Eye, Tourmaline.
Agate. Hardness- 7 Classification- Silicate
Colours – Agate come in lot of different beautiful colours. Blue, green, red, yellow, orange, browns, purples, whites so on.
Agate is found in lots of different place around the world. Australia, North West Queensland there, is several places to go different colors, 5 minutes from where I am no you can get Gooseberry Agates.
Around the world, some of the places you can get agate are. Austria, China, India, Brazil, Mexico, California, Botswana, Madagascar
Agate is a form of chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a remarkable variety of colors and textures. Agate was highly valued as a talisman or amulet in ancient times. It was said to quench thirst and protect from fevers. Collecting agate bowls became common among European royalty during the Renaissance and many museums in Europe, including the Louvre, have spectacular examples..
Agate is a form of chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a remarkable variety of colors and textures. Agate was highly valued as a talisman or amulet in ancient times. Geodes are rock cavities or vugs with internal crystal formations or concentric banding. Cut in slices, agate geodes are popular with collectors and jewellery designers.
Amazonite. Hardness is 6-65 Classification-Silicate
Color – The Color is green.
Found in – USA, Russia, Canada, Brazil, India, Mozambique, Namibia, Austria, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Australia.
I have never found Amazonite, I have watched the prospectors show on TV, finding Amazonite all the time. Here in Australia you can find it around Broken Hill in New South Wales.
Amazonite is a gemstone variety of green microcline, a feldspar mineral. It is named after the Amazon river in Brazil, though surprisingly no deposits have been found in that location. The lively green or blue-green colour is extremely attractive. Amazonite, cut en cabochon, with a rounded and convex polished surface, is a classic stone to be set in silver or carved in imaginative forms. In fact a fine quality amazonite can be mistaken for precious jade. Amazonite does not undergo any kind of treatment. Amazonite is gaining popularity but is still an affordable fine gem for its carat weight.
Amazonite is said to calm one’s emotions and soothe nerves, and to enhance creativity and the ability to express oneself. Perhaps the strongest recommendation for its metaphysical power is that Amazonite is said to makes your married life happier.
Amber. Hardness 2+ Classification: Mineraloid ( Organic Compound.)
Amber is found in most countries around the world. Britain, Canada, Dominican, Republic, Italy, Germany, Lebanon, Poland, Romania, Mexico, Myanmar, Baltic Sea and Northern Australia.
Amber, non-crystalline structure.
Amblygonite. Hardness 5-5.6 Classification– Phosphate.
Amblygonite color- White/Greyish, Light yellow, pink or lilac, Greenish.
Country found Sweden, France, Australia, Brazil, USA.
Amethyst. Hardness–7 Classification– Silicate.
Amethyst come in a lot of different colour purples.
Amethyst is found in a lot of different places around the world. Some of the largest is from Russia, Namibia, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, USA, Australia.
Ametrine. Hardness–6 Classification– Silicate.
Ametrine –Colours are Purple to Yellow.
Found in Bolivia.
Quartz which occurs in bands of yellow and purple has been given the name of ametrine (amethyst + citrine).
Initially cutters favored windowed emerald shapes with a 50/50 split of colors, and much of the rough is still cut this way. More recently, however, some cutters have begun to cut a variety of shapes, many of which create internal reflections that blend the yellow and purple into attractive shades of rosy gold and mauve, or create mosaic-like flashes of both yellow and purple.
Aquamarine. Hardness. 7-8 Classification– Silicate.
Colour is Sea Green-Light Blue.
Found in Ireland, Russia, USA, Mexico, Brazil, Afghanistant, Pakistan, India, Zimbabwe, Australia.
Aquamarine is best known for its breathtaking range of blue colors and belongs to the same family as emerald (beryl). The name derives from the Latin expression for seawater. Aquamarine is colored by trace amounts of iron that find their way into the crystal structure. A dark blue is the most desired color. Aquamarine possesses a durable hardness (7.5-8 on Mohs scale), which qualifies it for any kind of jewelry.
The favored cuts are emerald (step) and brilliant cut with long or rectangular shapes. Turbid stones get a cabochon cut.
Aquamarine is a decorative gem that complements almost any skin or eye color, which makes it an all-time favorite for women the world over. It is a popular gem, universal to wear, readily available and moderately priced, but growing in popularity.
Aventurine. Hardness 7 Classification Silicate
Azeztulite. Hardness 7 Classification Silicate.
Colour Colourless or White.
Found . North Carolina.
Azurite. Hardness. 3.5-4 Classification. Hydrated Carbonate.
Colours. Light to Dark Blue.
Found. France, Egypt, China, Australia, USA, Peru.
Beryl. Hardness 7.5-8 Classification Silicate.
Colour Colourless, Yellowish, Green, Red, Gold, Pink.
Found. Spain, Russia, Namibia, Madagascar, Pakistan, Colombia, Brazil, USA, Australia.
Beryl in its purest form is completely colourless (goshenite). Trace impurities and colouring agents are responsible for the many different colors found in gemstone varieties of beryl. Beryl is one of the most important mineral groups and also one of the biggest gemstone groups. Although the mineral is abundant, it rarely occurs in transparent gem-quality material. Transparent gem-quality beryl is referred to as ‘precious beryl’. The most famous beryl gemstone is green emerald, followed by blue aquamarine. Golden beryl is not very well-known by the general public. Other popular beryl gems include pink ‘morganite’ and white, or colourless, ‘goshenite’. Red beryl is the rarest variety of beryl and it is known in the trade as ‘bixbite’.
Bloodstone. Hardness 7. Classification Silicate.
Colour. Dark Green/Grey, Flecked Red.
Found. India, USA, Australia.
Bloodstone, also known as heliotrope, is a green gemstone dotted with bright red spots of iron oxide. A form of chalcedony quartz, the name heliotrope comes from the fact that polished stones were once thought to reflect the sun. Bloodstone is the original Birthstone for March. In the Middle Ages the red spots were thought to be the blood of Jesus and the stone was believed to have miraculous powers.
Boji Stone. Hardness 7.4 Classification Mineraloid
Colours. Dark grey, Brown.
Found. Kansas, USA.
Calcite. Hardness 3 Classification Carbonate.
Colour. Colourless, Red, Yellow, Gold, Green, Blue.
Found. UK, Belgium, Iceland, USA, Brazil, India, Germany.
Carnelian. Hardness 7 Classification Silicate.
Colour. Orange, Red Brown, Pink.
Found. India, Australia, Brazil, Britain, Iceland.
Charoite. Hardness 5 Classification Silicate.
Chrysocolla. Hardness 2-4 Classification Silicate.
Colour. Green, Blue/Green.
Found USA, Israel, Zaire, UK, Australia.
Chrysocolla is a hydrous copper silicate with that is found in several places in the world, including Russia, Nevada in the USA, the Congo, Chile, Israel and Mexico. Often confused with turquoise, chrysocolla is often found in unusual multi colour combinations as well as in blue or green.
Chrysoprase. Hardness. 7. Classification Silicate.
Colour. Bright Green.
Found. Australia, Russia, USA, Brazil.
Citrine. Hardness 7. Classification Silicate.
Colour. Yellow. (Pale to Golden Brown).
Found. Spain, Russia, France, Madagascar, Brazil, Australia.
Citrine is one of the most affordable yet durable gemstones. Named from the French name for lemon,”citron,” many citrines have a juicy lemon color. Citrine includes yellow to gold to orange-brown shades of transparent quartz. Although the darker, orange colours of citrine, sometimes called Madeira citrine after the colour of the wine, has generally been the most valued colour, in modern times, many people prefer the bright lemony shades which mix better with pastel colours. Citrine is generally more inexpensive than amethyst and is also available in a wide range of calibrated sizes and shapes, including very large sizes.
Danburite. Hardness 7. Classification Silicate.
Colour. Colourless, White, Rose, Yellow, Lilac.
Found. USA, Russia, Japan, Mexico, Myanmar.
Diamond. Hardness 10. Classification Element.
Colours. Colourless, Sometimes Tinged with Yellow, Blue, Brown or Pink.
Found. South Africa, Russia, Brazil, Australia, USA.
Emerald. Hardness 7.5-8 classification Silicate.
Found. Colombia, Egypt, India, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Brazil, Madagascar, Russia.
Fluorite. Hardness 4. Classification Salt
Colour. Wide variety, from clear to Black, via Purple, Blue, Green, Yellow, Pink, White, Brown.
Found. England, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Russia, India, USA, Mexico.
Garnet. Hardness 6.5-7 Classification Silicate.
Colour. Red, Black, Yellow, Orange, Green, Grey, Colourless (rare).
Hematite. Hardness 5-6 Classification Oxide.
Colour. Steel grey to Black, Red to Brown.
Found. England, Switzerland, Italy, Australia, Brazil, Canada.
Iolite. Hardness 7-7.5 Classification Silicate.
Found. Brazil, USA, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Australia.
Hardness 6.5-7 Classification Silicate.
Found. Russia, China, Burma, Japan, USA, Central America, New Zealand.
What was traditionally called jade is in fact two separate and distinct minerals: jadeite and nephrite. The term ‘jade’ can also be loosely applied to materials that contain jadeite or nephrite, such as maw-sit-sit and other materials. Jade has been treasured for centuries by cultures around the world, including the Mesoamericans and the Chinese, who consider it to be an auspicious gem. Choose jade gems from various shapes, sizes and colors, including green jade and lavender jadeite.
Hardness 7 Classification Silicate
Colours. Green, Red, Yellow, Brown, Blue, Purple, Black. and lots of different mixes of colours.
In its natural environment Jasper, a Form of Chalcedony, is dull stone, but once polished, it is a glistening, opaque crystal whose colour ranges from red, to brownish, yellow to green. It was widely used in the 16th century in Mosaic work.
Kunzite. Hardness 6.5-7.5 Classification Silicate.
Found in- USA, Brazil, Canada, Russia, Mexico, Sweden.
Lapis Lazuli. Hardness 5.5-6 Classification Silicate
Found– Afghanistan, Siberia, Chile, USA, Italy.
Larimar. Hardness– 5-7 Classification– Silicate
Found — Dominican Republic.
Lepidolite. Hardness.– 2.5-3 Classification– Silicate.
Colours. — Pink, Greyish, Lilac, White.
Found– Brazil, Russia, Germany, USA, Mozambique, Madagascar.
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