Posted on Leave a comment

Gemstones Crystals. A-L Names and Pictures

Gemstone – Crystal A-L Name Of Gemstone Crystal. -With Images of gemstones. Rough/Faceted

Agate, Amethyst, Aquamarine, Azurite, Beryl, Bloodstone, Charoite, Chrysocolla, Citrine, Diamond, Emerald, Haematite, Iolite, Jade, Jasper, Malachite,  Opal, Peridot, Rhodonite, Ruby, Sapphire, Sunstone, Tanzanite, Tiger Eye, Tourmaline.

Agate.            Hardness- 7          Classification- Silicate

whole agate
Whole Agate, Agate Creek.

agate

Colours – Agate come in lot of different beautiful colours. Blue, green, red, yellow, orange, browns, purples, whites so on.

Agate is found in lots of different  place around the world. Australia,  North West Queensland  there, is several places to go different colors, 5 minutes from where  I am no you can get Gooseberry Agates.

Around the world, some of the places you can get agate are. Austria, China, India, Brazil, Mexico, California, Botswana, Madagascar

Agate
Agate is a form of chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a remarkable variety of colors and textures. Agate was highly valued as a talisman or amulet in ancient times. It was said to quench thirst and protect from fevers. Collecting agate bowls became common among European royalty during the Renaissance and many museums in Europe, including the Louvre, have spectacular examples..

Agate Geode

Agate is a form of chalcedony quartz that forms in concentric layers in a remarkable variety of colors and textures. Agate was highly valued as a talisman or amulet in ancient times. Geodes are rock cavities or vugs with internal crystal formations or concentric banding. Cut in slices, agate geodes are popular with collectors and jewellery designers.

Amazonite.    Hardness is 6-65    Classification-Silicate

Amazoniteamazonite1

Color – The Color is green.

Found in – USA, Russia, Canada, Brazil, India, Mozambique, Namibia, Austria, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Australia.

I have never found Amazonite, I have watched the prospectors show on TV, finding  Amazonite all the time. Here in Australia you can find it around Broken Hill in New South Wales.

Amazonite
Amazonite is a gemstone variety of green microcline, a feldspar mineral. It is named after the Amazon river in Brazil, though surprisingly no deposits have been found in that location. The lively green or blue-green colour is extremely attractive. Amazonite, cut en cabochon, with a rounded and convex polished surface, is a classic stone to be set in silver or carved in imaginative forms. In fact a fine quality amazonite can be mistaken for precious jade. Amazonite does not undergo any kind of treatment. Amazonite is gaining popularity but is still an affordable fine gem for its carat weight.

Amazonite is said to calm one’s emotions and soothe nerves, and to enhance creativity and the ability to express oneself. Perhaps the strongest recommendation for its metaphysical power is that Amazonite is said to makes your married life happier.

Amber.                Hardness  2+        Classification: Mineraloid ( Organic Compound.)

amber
amber

amber5Amber Australia

Amber is found in most countries around the world. Britain, Canada, Dominican, Republic, Italy, Germany, Lebanon, Poland, Romania, Mexico, Myanmar, Baltic Sea and Northern Australia.

Amber, non-crystalline structure.

Amblygonite.                        Hardness 5-5.6          Classification– Phosphate.

amblygoniteamblygonite2

amblygonite1

Amblygonite color- White/Greyish, Light yellow, pink or lilac, Greenish.

Country found Sweden, France, Australia, Brazil, USA.

Amethyst.                      Hardness–7                Classification– Silicate.

amethamethys

Amethyst come in a lot of different colour purples.

Amethyst is found in a lot of different places around the world. Some  of the largest is from Russia, Namibia, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, USA, Australia.

Ametrine.              Hardness–6                  Classification– Silicate.

ametrine2ametrine1ametrine.png

Ametrine –Colours are Purple to Yellow.

Found in Bolivia.

Ametrine
Quartz which occurs in bands of yellow and purple has been given the name of ametrine (amethyst + citrine).

Initially cutters favored windowed emerald shapes with a 50/50 split of colors, and much of the rough is still cut this way. More recently, however, some cutters have begun to cut a variety of shapes, many of which create internal reflections that blend the yellow and purple into attractive shades of rosy gold and mauve, or create mosaic-like flashes of both yellow and purple.

Aquamarine.             Hardness. 7-8                  Classification– Silicate.

aquaaqua2aqua1

Colour is Sea Green-Light Blue.

Found in Ireland, Russia, USA, Mexico, Brazil,  Afghanistant,  Pakistan, India, Zimbabwe, Australia.

Aquamarine
Aquamarine is best known for its breathtaking range of blue colors and belongs to the same family as emerald (beryl). The name derives from the Latin expression for seawater. Aquamarine is colored by trace amounts of iron that find their way into the crystal structure. A dark blue is the most desired color. Aquamarine possesses a durable hardness (7.5-8 on Mohs scale), which qualifies it for any kind of jewelry.

The favored cuts are emerald (step) and brilliant cut with long or rectangular shapes. Turbid stones get a cabochon cut.

Aquamarine is a decorative gem that complements almost any skin or eye color, which makes it an all-time favorite for women the world over. It is a popular gem, universal to wear, readily available and moderately priced, but growing in popularity.

Aventurine.                 Hardness 7                Classification  Silicate

aventurine1aventurine3aventurineaventurine2

Azeztulite.                        Hardness  7                   Classification    Silicate.

azeztuliteazeztulite1azeztulite2azeztulite3

Colour  Colourless or White.

Found . North Carolina.

Azurite.                        Hardness.  3.5-4             Classification.  Hydrated Carbonate.

azuriteazurite1azurite3azurite2

Colours.  Light to Dark Blue.

Found. France, Egypt, China, Australia, USA, Peru.

Beryl.                                      Hardness 7.5-8           Classification  Silicate.

berylberyl2beryl3beryl1

Colour          Colourless, Yellowish, Green, Red, Gold, Pink.

Found.  Spain, Russia, Namibia, Madagascar, Pakistan, Colombia, Brazil, USA, Australia.

Beryl Gems
Beryl in its purest form is completely colourless (goshenite). Trace impurities and colouring agents are responsible for the many different colors found in gemstone varieties of beryl. Beryl is one of the most important mineral groups and also one of the biggest gemstone groups. Although the mineral is abundant, it rarely occurs in transparent gem-quality material. Transparent gem-quality beryl is referred to as ‘precious beryl’. The most famous beryl gemstone is green emerald, followed by blue aquamarine. Golden beryl is not very well-known by the general public. Other popular beryl gems include pink ‘morganite’ and white, or colourless, ‘goshenite’. Red beryl is the rarest variety of beryl and it is known in the trade as ‘bixbite’.

Bloodstone.           Hardness  7.                  Classification Silicate.

bloodstonebloodstone1bloodstone2bloodstone3

Colour.   Dark Green/Grey, Flecked Red.

Found. India, USA, Australia.

Bloodstones
Bloodstone, also known as heliotrope, is a green gemstone dotted with bright red spots of iron oxide. A form of chalcedony quartz, the name heliotrope comes from the fact that polished stones were once thought to reflect the sun. Bloodstone is the original Birthstone for March. In the Middle Ages the red spots were thought to be the blood of Jesus and the stone was believed to have miraculous powers.

Boji Stone.                  Hardness  7.4               Classification  Mineraloid

boji stone1boji stone

Colours.   Dark grey, Brown.

Found.  Kansas, USA.

Calcite.                           Hardness 3                     Classification    Carbonate.

calcite2calcite3calcitecalcite1

Colour.  Colourless, Red, Yellow, Gold, Green, Blue.

Found. UK, Belgium, Iceland, USA, Brazil, India, Germany.

Carnelian.              Hardness 7                 Classification  Silicate.

carneliancaenelian3carnelian2carnelian1

Colour.         Orange, Red Brown, Pink.

Found. India, Australia, Brazil, Britain, Iceland.

Charoite.         Hardness 5                   Classification  Silicate.

charoite3charoite2charoite1charoite

Colour. Purple.

Found.  Russia.

Chrysocolla.           Hardness  2-4          Classification  Silicate.

chrysocollachrysocolla1chrysocolla2chrysocolla3

Colour.  Green, Blue/Green.

Found USA, Israel, Zaire, UK, Australia.

Chrysocolla
Chrysocolla is a hydrous copper silicate with that is found in several places in the world, including Russia, Nevada in the USA, the Congo, Chile, Israel and Mexico. Often confused with turquoise, chrysocolla is often found in unusual multi colour combinations as well as in blue or green.

Chrysoprase.          Hardness.  7.           Classification  Silicate.

chrysoprasechrysoprase1chrysoprase2chrysoprase3

Colour. Bright Green.

Found. Australia, Russia, USA, Brazil.

Citrine.        Hardness  7.          Classification  Silicate.

citrinecitrine3citrine2citrine1

Colour. Yellow. (Pale to Golden Brown).

Found. Spain, Russia, France, Madagascar, Brazil, Australia.

Citrine
Citrine is one of the most affordable yet durable gemstones. Named from the French name for lemon,”citron,” many citrines have a juicy lemon color. Citrine includes yellow to gold to orange-brown shades of transparent quartz. Although the darker, orange colours of citrine, sometimes called Madeira citrine after the colour of the wine, has generally been the most valued colour, in modern times, many people prefer the bright lemony shades which mix better with pastel colours. Citrine is generally more inexpensive than amethyst and is also available in a wide range of calibrated sizes and shapes, including very large sizes.

Danburite.           Hardness 7.             Classification   Silicate.

danburite1danburitedanburite2danburite3

Colour.       Colourless, White, Rose, Yellow, Lilac.

Found.  USA, Russia, Japan, Mexico, Myanmar.

Diamond.          Hardness 10.           Classification Element.

diamond1diamond2diamond3diamond4

Colours.   Colourless, Sometimes Tinged with Yellow, Blue, Brown or Pink.

Found.  South Africa, Russia, Brazil, Australia, USA.

Emerald.               Hardness  7.5-8           classification   Silicate.

emerald3emeraldemerald2emerald1

Colour.  Green

Found. Colombia, Egypt, India, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Brazil, Madagascar, Russia.

Fluorite.              Hardness  4.                Classification  Salt

fluorite3fluorite1fluorite2fluorite

Colour.  Wide variety, from clear to Black, via Purple, Blue, Green, Yellow, Pink, White, Brown.

Found.  England, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Russia, India, USA, Mexico.

Garnet.           Hardness 6.5-7         Classification    Silicate.

garnet4garnet3garnet5garnet2

Colour. Red, Black, Yellow, Orange, Green, Grey, Colourless (rare).

Found. Worldwide.

Hematite.                     Hardness 5-6           Classification  Oxide.

hematitehematite1haematitehaematite1

Colour.  Steel grey to Black, Red to Brown.

Found.  England, Switzerland, Italy, Australia, Brazil, Canada.

Iolite.             Hardness  7-7.5          Classification  Silicate.

iolite3iolite1ioliteiolite2

 

Colour.    Blue-Violet.

Found.  Brazil, USA, Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Australia.

Jade.

Hardness 6.5-7          Classification  Silicate.

jade3jadejade1jade2

Colour.   Green.

Found.   Russia, China, Burma, Japan, USA, Central America, New Zealand.

Jade Gemstones
What was traditionally called jade is in fact two separate and distinct minerals: jadeite and nephrite. The term ‘jade’ can also be loosely applied to materials that contain jadeite or nephrite, such as maw-sit-sit and other materials. Jade has been treasured for centuries by cultures around the world, including the Mesoamericans and the Chinese, who consider it to be an auspicious gem. Choose jade gems from various shapes, sizes and colors, including green jade and lavender jadeite.

Jasper.     

         Hardness  7                  Classification  Silicate

jas1
rough Jasper
jas2
ocean jasper

jasjas4

Colours.  Green, Red, Yellow, Brown, Blue, Purple, Black. and lots of different mixes of colours.

Found Worldwide.

In its natural environment Jasper, a Form of Chalcedony, is dull stone, but once polished, it is a glistening, opaque crystal whose colour ranges from red, to brownish, yellow to  green. It was widely used in the 16th century in Mosaic work.

Kunzite.                     Hardness 6.5-7.5                 Classification  Silicate.

kun3
natural colour kunzite
kun2
Kunzite
kun
Kunzite Crystal
kun1
Faceted Kunzite

A Lilac

Colours.   Pink-Lilac.

Found in-  USA, Brazil, Canada, Russia, Mexico, Sweden.

Lapis Lazuli.                 Hardness  5.5-6        Classification   Silicate

lap3
Lapis Lazuli Tumbled Stones
lapi1
Lapis Lazuli
lapi
Rough Lapis Lazuli
lap2
Lapis Lazuli

Colour.- Blue.

Found–  Afghanistan, Siberia, Chile, USA, Italy.

Larimar.           Hardness– 5-7                    Classification– Silicate

Polished Larimar stone
Polished Larimar stone
Larimar
Larimar
Rough Larimar
Rough Larimar
Larimar stones
Larimar stones

Colours.–Blue- White.

Found — Dominican Republic.

Lepidolite.                Hardness.– 2.5-3   Classification– Silicate.

leplep1

Natural Lepidolite
Natural Lepidolite
Natural Lepidolite
Natural Lepidolite

Colours. — Pink, Greyish, Lilac, White.

Found– Brazil, Russia, Germany, USA, Mozambique, Madagascar.

For More Information on A-Z Gemstone please click Here.

I hope you enjoyed this page. I have enjoyed read and the research about all these beautiful Gemstones.

Do you know you can Find a stone and make it into jewellery very easy. You can buy your finding, for ear rings, Pendant or ring. You can pay or do it your self. want to know more contact me.

Have a wonderful day enjoy my page leave me a comment.

Thank You.

Wendy.

Posted on 4 Comments

Citrine Gemstone.

Citrine Gemstone.

Natural Citrine Crystal From Zambia AAA Grade W-550g, Size 13x6x5cm $190.00
Natural Citrine Crystal From Zambia AAA Grade citrine gemstone

Citrine is the yellow to red-orange variety of crystalline quartz. Image of Citrine Colours.

Majority of Citrine on the market is produced by heating smoky quartz (which produces light to medium yellows,and Amethyst (which produces stronger yellows and orange-red to orangey brown shades).

Due to its abundance, it would “get no respect,” as it were. In recent decades this perception has changed, due in part to fashions that emphasize earth tones. Home shopping networks have been marketing the various shades of Citrine aggressively with catchy adjectives like “butterscotch” and “whiskey.

Little Citrine is Actually Mined.

Very little Citrine is actually mined. The vast majority of Citrine on the market is produced by heating smoky quartz (which produces light to medium yellows) and Amethyst (which produces stronger yellows and orange-red to orangey brown shades). Natural stones tend to be pale yellow, often with smoky tones. Citrines range from light, lemon yellow to a rich, orange colour with red flashes referred to as “Madeira.” (This refers strictly to a Citrine colour, not a locality, and is an accepted description. However, the use of the term “Madeira topaz” to refer to Citrine is incorrect).

Citrine’s yellow colours are due to the presence of ferric iron. These colours have been traditionally associated with topaz.

Confusion between these gemstones does occur, even though quartz and topaz are distinct gem species.

Unfortunately, this is a common story. A little history will explain why. Before the 20th century, all gems in the brown, orange, and yellow color range were called topaz. Modern gemology was only recognized as a science in the 1930s. Now, we recognize topaz and yellow or brown quartz as separate species. However, many jewellers have continued to use the old names. For example, “smoky topaz” is much more likely to be smoky quartz than brown topaz.

Citrine gemstones (yellow quartz) are less frequently confused with topaz gemstones, but it does happen.

Quartz and topaz are different gem species. They’re composed of different chemicals and have different physical and optical properties. They’re also valued very differently. The quartz family of gems is much more common than topaz. So even though they may appear similar, the more common quartz varieties are less valuable than topaz. Despite what your appraiser told you, topaz and citrine gemstones are definitely not “basically the same.” (See our List of False and Misleading Gemstone Names for more examples of quartz referred to commercially as varieties of topaz).

Some jewellers can perform accurate appraisals. Others cannot. Consumers need to be aware that there are no qualifications or regulations for writing a gemstone appraisal. To protect your investment, contact an independent gemology lab that specializes in identification and appraisal.

Citrine makes a fine jewelry stone. With no gemstone cleavage, a hardness of 7, stable colors in light, and no special care requirements, it can be used for any jewelry application. Like most quartz, it’s available in large sizes, so custom gem cutters can use this stone for dramatic and intricate cuts. This gem is a wonderful option for a large, beautiful stone for an engagement ring. Citrines can also be used for carvings.

Citrine Value

At the top end of the scale are prime specimens of the most saturated yellow, orange, and reddish tones. Those with less intense colour fall into lower value ranges, with pale or smoky stones at the bottom. As with any gem material, custom cutting increases value. Inclusions decrease it. There is no exponential increase in value per carat with increase in size, as larger sizes are readily available. In many fancy cut or carved specimens, most of the value is due to the artistry of the cutting.

Synthetics

Citrines can be grown hydrothermally in labs. Although natural quartz is common and inexpensive, synthetic quartz can be manufactured in sufficient quantities and at low cost, which makes the practice economically viable.

Enhancements

Turning natural smoky quartz and amethyst to Citrine via heat treatment is usually done right at the mine. This is a stable treatment and is fully accepted within the gem trade. Colourless quartz stones have also been irradiated and heated to produce a neon, slightly greenish yellow colour. These stones are called lemon quartz.

The prized “Madeira” colour is created by heat treating Citrine that possesses the proper iron content. Since there is no simple way of testing the iron content of Citrine, this process must be monitored carefully.

Sources

Virtually all natural Citrines come from Brazil.

Stone Sizes

Citrines in the thousands of carats are known. The Smithsonian Institution (Washington, D.C.) has Brazilian stones of 2,258, 1,180, 783, 278, 265, and 217 carats. Most large museums have similar baubles.

citrine
This citrine vug is in a crate about 9′ tall

Citrine Information

Gemstone Citrine.

Data Value
Name Citrine
Is a Variety of Quartz
Crystallography  Hexagonal
Refractive Index  1.544 – 1.553
Colours  Yellow to Red-Orange
Luster  Vitreous
Polish Luster  Vitreous
Fracture Luster  Vitreous
Fracture  Conchoidal, very brittle
Hardness  7
Toughness  Good
Specific Gravity  2.651 (very constant)
Birefringence  0.009
Cleavage  None
Dispersion  0.013
Heat Sensitivity No
Wearability  Very Good
Enhancements  Amethyst can be heat treated to change it to citrine. Not common. “Madeira” citrine with red flashes is a result of heat treatment.
Transparency  Transparent
Absorption Spectrum  Not diagnostic
Formula SiO2
Pleochroism  Very weak, different shades of yellow or orange.
Optics  o = 1.544; e = 1.553 (very constant). Uniaxial (+)
Etymology From the old French citrin, meaning yellow.
Occurrence Generally in pegmatites and veins. Found in geodes in alluvial deposits.
Inclusions Natural quartz stones, including citrine, may have liquid, bread crumbs, zebra stripes, two and three phase inclusions, and negative crystals

 

Citrine

I have found Citrine where there is lots of Amethyst. Now that I have did this post, I understand that what I have is yellow Quartz.  Heat treated buy the sun. In the same area, there is green amethyst. So with long exposer to the sun can colour your Quartz Gemstone.

Yellow topaz, I have not found, Clear I have. There is a big different to Quartz, Topaz has 8 sides and is like clear glass, very clean glass, like it has already been polished.  Topaz you find up the creek, that has been wash buy the sand is different again, it is rounded and is not clear.

In June 2018 we are going to go to Gemtree to find Citrine. read more later this year, about this gemstone.

I hope your have found this interesting about citrine.

Have a great day.

Wendy.

Please leave me a comment.

Posted on 1 Comment

Birthstone- What is your Birthstone

 

Birthstone -What is your Birthstone.

Every month has a different Gemstone/ Birthstone.

Find out more about your birthstone/gemstones.

Birthstones- is your Diamond , Emerald, Amethyst, Aquamarine how lucky are you.

March Birthstone:

Aquamarine: What a beautiful stone.

 Aquamarine is exceptionally hard and has an outstanding vitreous glass-like luster, It is most famous for its breathtaking sea-blue colours which can range from pale light blue to medium-dark blue. The name ‘aquamarine’ was derived from an old Latin expression which meant ‘seawater’.

Octagon- Scissor Cut Light Blue Aquamarine

Colour.

Like seawater, aquamarine can be pale to light-blue, dark-blue, blue-green and green-blue. The more saturated the colour, the higher the value, although almost all aquamarine is typically a lighter blue tone.

 

Gemstones Birthstones

January – Garnet they come in all colours. I have seen  deep red, Pink – purple  and green.

February–  Amethyst is Purple Quartz. all shades of purple  from dark to very light.

March  —  Aquamarine Light blue to a light light blue, beautiful sparkle when faceted.

April  —   Diamond   the most desirable gemstone. (every girls best friend) .comes in a lot of colours.

May —  Emerald a fascinating  green coloured gemstone.

June —  Ruby a gemstone is most famous for its fiery red colour.

August —  Peridot  another green gemstone. light green .

September — Sapphire  comes in lots of colours, blue is sapphire main colour.

October — Opal  is all different colours. The more fire (colour) the better the stone.

November —Topaz looks like a crystal. colours I have see it clear, blues, yellow.

December —  Turquoise is a beautiful sky blue stone.

Birthstones are gemstones.

The month you were born there is a birthstone. All birthstones are gemstones each having a unique meaning & historical significance.

Birthstone Healing Powers:

Amber:      Thought to aid memory , purify the body, alleviate headaches, and bone and heart problems.Amber is known for its stress relieving and calming properties.

Amethyst:   Aids in the reduction of insomnia, arthritis, pain relief, and circulatory issues. Amethyst is considered the gemstone of meditation, peace, balance, courage, and inner strength.

Aquamarine:   Aids the liver, throat, stomach, jaw, teeth, eyes and ears. Aquamarine is also known for releasing fear, calming, nerves, and bringing mental clarity.

Citrine:     Considered the gemstone to provide greater or increased healing, Citrine also promotes success, abundance, and clear thinking.

Garnet:    Aids blood, heart, and lungs and is known to promote romantic love, passion, sensuality, and intimacy.

Lapis:   Thought to aid in the alleviation of insomnia and depression, Lapis is also Known for creating openness, truthfulness, and creativity.

Onyx:   Associated with the root chakra, Onyx brings spiritual inspiration, and control over emotions.

Pearl:    Known for its calming properties, the peral is said to aid purity, charity, integrity, truth, and loyalty in its wearer.

Peridot:   Healing  stress  in  relationships, lessening anger and jealousy, and slowing aging, the peridot promotes abundance and prosperity.

Ruby:     Aiding the emotions is the Ruby’s calling card. Also known to increase integrity, devotion, and happiness.

Sapphire:  The gemstone of creative expression and inner peace and meditation, the Sapphire also aids in personal expression and alleviation of pain.

Topaz:    One of the most powerful gemstones, Topaz facilitates the balance of emotions and provides protection from greed.

Turquoise:   A gemstone steeped in lore and tradition, Turquoise is a healing and balance stone.

For more information about Healing Powers Click Here.